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ARTH208: Modern Art

Unit 2: Turn of the Century Art: Post-Impressionism, Symbolism and Art Nouveau   In this unit, you will learn about the European art movements that emerged in the late 19th and early 20th centuries in the immediate aftermath of Impressionism. Perhaps most notable among these are Post-Impressionism, whose artists reacted against Impressionism’s focus on the external, observed world and sought to replace Impressionism as the leading avant-garde movement. You will look at seminal artworks by the Post-Impressionists and other important modern masters, including the Symbolists and Art Nouveau artists. You will also learn about the Bauhaus, an influential school for modern artists-in-training, and will discover how this institution and its instructors promoted radical ideas about artistic production while bridging the worlds of art, design, and industry.

Unit 2 Time Advisory
Time Advisory:  This unit should take you 15.75 hours to complete.

☐    Subunit 2.1: 7.5 hours ☐    Subunit 2.1.1: 1 hour

☐    Subunit 2.1.2: 1.5 hours

☐    Subunit 2.1.3: 1.5 hours

☐    Subunit 2.1.4: 1.5 hours

☐    Subunit 2.1.5: 2 hours

☐    Subunit 2.2: 4.5 hours ☐    Subunit 2.2.1: 1.5 hours

☐    Subunit 2.2.2: 1.5 hours

☐    Subunit 2.2.3: 1.5 hours

☐    Subunit 2.3: 2.5 hours ☐    Subunit 2.3.1: 1 hour

☐    Subunit 2.3.2: 1.5 hours

☐    Assignment: 1 hour

☐    Assessment: 0.25 hours

Unit2 Learning Outcomes
Upon successful completion of this unit, the student will be able to:
- Explain new ideas about art that many leading artists developed and adopted in late-19th-century Europe. - Describe the major differences between Impressionist art and Post-Impressionist art. - Identify and name a number of the artworks from this era and their respective artists. - List and identify the key artistic movements that dominated the turn-of-the-century era.

2.1 The Post-Impressionists   2.1.1 Post-Impressionism   - Reading: The Art Story Foundation’s Movements: “Post-Impressionism” Link: The Art Story Foundation’s Movements: “Post-Impressionism” (PDF)
 
Instructions: Read the linked page in full. Unlike Impressionism, Post-Impressionism was not a cohesive and unified movement of artists. While reading this page, identify and take notes on the many visual characteristics that made the works of artists like Gauguin, van Gogh, Seurat, and Cézanne different from those of the key Impressionists. Most importantly, notice how each of these artists paved the road to future modern art advancement.
 
Terms of Use: The linked material above has been reposted by the kind permission of The Art Story Foundation and can be viewed in its original form here (HTML). Please note that this material is under copyright and cannot be reproduced in any capacity without explicit permission from the copyright holder.

2.1.2 Georges Seurat   - Reading: The Art Story Foundation’s Artists: “Georges Seurat” Link: The Art Story Foundation’s Artists: “Georges Seurat” (PDF)
 
Instructions: Read the linked page in full. Seurat is best known for being an innovator of two closely related painting techniques: Divisionism and Pointillism. Familiarize yourself with these terms, take notes on the characteristics of the two respective painting styles, and look to Seurat’s Major Works for examples of each.
 
Terms of Use: The linked material above has been reposted by the kind permission of The Art Story Foundation and can be viewed in its original form here (HTML).  Please note that this material is under copyright and cannot be reproduced in any capacity without explicit permission from the copyright holder. 

2.1.3 Vincent van Gogh   - Reading: The Art Story Foundation’s Artists: “Vincent van Gogh” Link: The Art Story Foundation’s Artists: “Vincent van Gogh” (PDF)
 
Instructions: Read the linked page in full. Van Gogh has one of the most distinctive and recognizable painting styles of any modern artist. While reading, look for written examples that explain what makes van Gogh’s approach to the canvas so unique. Following this, look at the artist’s Major Works for examples of van Gogh’s painterly style.
 
Terms of Use: The linked material above has been reposted by the kind permission of The Art Story Foundation and can be viewed in its original form here (HTML).  Please note that this material is under copyright and cannot be reproduced in any capacity without explicit permission from the copyright holder. 

2.1.4 Paul Gauguin   - Reading: The Art Story Foundation’s Artists: “Paul Gauguin” Link: The Art Story Foundation’s Artists: “Paul Gauguin” (PDF)
 
Instructions: Read the linked page in full. Gauguin has been called a “primitive” artist as well as one of the first Symbolists. While reading, pay close attention to language that explains his artistic approach, and identify characteristics in his paintings (painting style and subject matter) that fit these definitions.
 
Terms of Use: The linked material above has been reposted by the kind permission of The Art Story Foundation and can be viewed in its original form here (HTML).  Please note that this material is under copyright and cannot be reproduced in any capacity without explicit permission from the copyright holder. 

2.1.5 Paul Cézanne   - Reading: The Art Story Foundation’s Artists: “Paul Cézanne” Link: The Art Story Foundation’s Artists: “Paul Cézanne” (PDF)
 
Instructions: Read the linked page in full. You may note from looking at Cézanne’s body of work that the artist did not mature as a painter until late in life. While reading this page, pay close attention to how Cézanne’s visual style changes and becomes more abstract over time. As an option, you may want to read The Art Story’s “Abstract vs. Figurative Art”(PDF) page to familiarize yourself with the definitions of each. Finally, consider why Cézanne has been called the “grandfather of Cubism” and what was his achievement.
 
Terms of Use: The linked material above has been reposted by the kind permission of The Art Story Foundation and can be viewed in its original form here (HTML) for “Paul Cézanne” and here (HTML) for “Abstract vs. Figurative Art.”  Please note that this material is under copyright and cannot be reproduced in any capacity without explicit permission from the copyright holder.

2.2 The Symbolists: Sex, Beauty, and the Human Condition   2.2.1 François-Auguste-René Rodin   - Reading: The Art Story Foundation’s Artists: “François-Auguste-René Rodin”

Link: The Art Story Foundation’s Artists: “[François-Auguste-René
Rodin](https://resources.saylor.org/wwwresources/archived/site/wp-content/uploads/2012/11/the-art-story-foundation1.pdf)”
(PDF)  
    
 Instructions: Read the linked page in full. You will note that
among the Symbolist artists, Rodin’s art is the most classical in
style and appearance, not “modern”.  Look closely at Rodin’s Major
Works, and the page’s “Key Ideas” section, and consider what
characterizes a classical work of art. Finally, identify ways in
which Rodin’s work appears classical, but is in fact modern and
revolutionary.  
    
 Terms of Use: The linked material above has been reposted by the
kind permission of The Art Story Foundation and can be viewed in its
original form
[here](http://theartstory.org/artist-rodin-auguste.htm)
(HTML).  Please note that this material is under copyright and
cannot be reproduced in any capacity without explicit permission
from the copyright holder. 

2.2.2 Edvard Munch   - Reading: The Art Story Foundation’s Artists: “Edvard Munch” Link: The Art Story Foundation’s Artists: “Edvard Munch” (PDF)
 
Instructions: Read the linked page in full. What is Munch expressing with works like The Scream, through both his painting style and his subject matter? Furthermore, Munch’s Symbolist paintings (i.e., The Sick Child, The Scream) have been identified as key predecessors to the German Expressionist movement. While reading this page, you may want to visit the "Expressionism" movement (PDF) page for a preview, and consider why this claim has been made about Munch’s work.
 
Terms of Use: The linked material above has been reposted by the kind permission of The Art Story Foundation and can be viewed in its original form here (HTML) for the “Edvard Munch” page and here (HTML) for the “Expressionism” page.  Please note that this material is under copyright and cannot be reproduced in any capacity without explicit permission from the copyright holder. 

2.2.3 Marc Chagall   - Reading: The Art Story Foundation’s Artists: “Marc Chagall” Link: The Art Story Foundation’s Artists: “Marc Chagall” (PDF)

 Instructions: Read the linked page in full. You will note in this
reading that Chagall is one of the most celebrated of all Symbolist
painters. His distinctive talent for and use of color, space, and
form is widely regarded as an outstanding achievement in modern art.
Look closely at Chagall’s style and subject matter, consider taking
notes on his personal history, and try to identify exactly what is
symbolized in Chagall’s art.  

 Terms of Use: The linked material above has been reposted by the
kind permission of The Art Story Foundation and can be viewed in its
original form [here](http://theartstory.org/artist-chagall-marc.htm)
(HTML).  Please note that this material is under copyright and
cannot be reproduced in any capacity without explicit permission
from the copyright holder. 

2.3 Art Nouveau: Modern Decoration   2.3.1 Art Nouveau: Modern Decoration   - Reading: The Art Story Foundation’s Movements: “Art Nouveau” Link: The Art Story Foundation’s Movements: “Art Nouveau” (PDF)
 
Instructions: Read the linked page in full.  Consider the reason for this new style of art to emerge at this point in history, and keep in mind the art that was created at the time prior to this movement.
 
Additionally, you will note that the style known as Art Nouveau was not a unified movement, but a collection of disparate movements across Europe that went by several different names. You may wish to take notes while reading, and identify the different approaches artists took to produce works that fall within this combined movement.
 
Terms of Use: The linked material above has been reposted by the kind permission of The Art Story Foundation and can be viewed in its original form here (HTML).  Please note that this material is under copyright and cannot be reproduced in any capacity without explicit permission from the copyright holder. 

2.3.2 Gustav Klimt   - Reading: The Art Story Foundation’s Artists: “Gustav Klimt” Link: The Art Story Foundation’s Artists: “Gustav Klimt” (PDF)
 
Instructions: Read the linked page in full. While reading you will note that throughout his career, Klimt’s style progressed from classical to decorative and, eventually, to partial abstraction. Pay close attention to Klimt’s biography and look for key events that contributed to these gradual shifts in artistic style. You may wish to take notes on these key events.

 Terms of Use: The linked material above has been reposted by the
kind permission of The Art Story Foundation and can be viewed in its
original form [here](http://theartstory.org/artist-klimt-gustav.htm)
(HTML).  Please note that this material is under copyright and
cannot be reproduced in any capacity without explicit permission
from the copyright holder. 
  • Assessment: The Saylor Foundation's "Unit 2 Quiz" Link: The Saylor Foundation's "Unit 2 Quiz" (PDF)

    Instructions: Please click on the link above to download this assessment.  Please complete all of the questions for the Unit 2 Quiz, and then check your answers against the Saylor Foundation's "Answer Key to Unit 2 Quiz." (PDF)  You should spend approximately 15 minutes completing this quiz.